Facts on Africa, अफ्रीका के बारे में त्वरित तथ्य

FACTS ON AFRICA, अफ्रीका के बारे में त्वरित तथ्य

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he name ‘Africa’ came into Western use through the Romans. The word has its roots in two different languages – in Latin (“Aprica”) it means ‘Sunny’, and in Greek (“Aphrike”) it means ‘Without cold’.

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The oldest human remains ever discovered were found in Ethiopia, which is approximately 200,000-year-old.

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The Second Congo War (1998-2006), claimed the second-highest number of casualties (5.4 million lives) since World War II. The conflict involved eight African countries.

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Between 1525 and 1866, 12.5 million Africans were kidnaped and sold into slavery in the Americas.

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There are 54 countries and one “non-self governing territory”, the Western Sahara, in Africa.

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All of Africa was colonized by foreign powers during the “scramble for Africa”, except Ethiopia and Liberia.

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Before colonial rule Africa comprised up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs.

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The Pharaonic civilization of ancient Egypt is one of the world’s oldest and longest-lasting civilizations.

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African continent is the world’s oldest populated area.

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Over 25 million people are HIV-positive on the continent and over 17 million have died of the disease already.

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The Second Congo War claimed over 5.4 million lives and is the deadliest worldwide conflict since World War II.

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There are fewer people with internet connections in Africa than there are in just New York City.

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Approximately 90% of all cases of malaria worldwide occur in Africa, accounting for 24% of all child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa.

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The African continent has the second largest population in the world, at about one billion people.

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Well over one thousand languages are spoken by the people of Africa. Some estimates put this number closer to two thousand.

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The largest religion in Africa is Islam, followed by Christianity.

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The African population is approximately 14.72% of the world's population (as of 2009).

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The oldest human remains ever discovered were found in Ethiopia. They are approximately 200,000 years old.

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One of the most interesting facts about Africa is that the length and breadth of this continent are about the same. It measures around 4,660 from north to south and from east to west.

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Africa is not only the second largest but the second most populated continent as well and houses about 12% of the world population.

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Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa and has an estimated population of 120-140 million. The population in Seychelles is around 80,000 people and is the least populated country.

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कर्क रेखा, भूमध्यरेखा और मकर रेखा इसके माध्यम से गुजरती है।

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जिब्राल्टर जलसंधि, भूमध्य सागर, सुएज़ नहर, लाल सागर और अरब सागर इसे एशिया और यूरोप से अलग करती है।

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माउंट किलिमंजरो और माउंट केन्या अफ्रीका का सर्वोच्च पर्वत शिखर है और ये दोनों ज्वालामुखी पहाड़ हैं।

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प्रमुख नदिया: नील, लिम्पोपो, नाइजर, सेनेगल, कांगो, ऑरेंज और ज़ाम्बेज़ी

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विश्व की सबसे लंबी नदी नील, अफ्रीका में स्थित है। यह विक्टोरिया झील से अवतरित होती है और भूमध्य सागर में मिल जाती है।

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प्रमुख जल-प्रपात (झरना): विक्टोरिया फॉल्स, मुताराज़ी फॉल्स, चिसीम्बा फॉल्स, कबाबवेम फॉल्स, कलाम्बो फॉल्स, कुंडलिला फॉल्स, मुंबुलुमा फॉल्स, मुटुमुना फॉल्स, नोगोनी फॉल्स, मर्चिसन फॉल्स, सिपी फॉल्स।

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टुगेला फॉल्स, विश्व की दूसरा सबसे बड़ी जल-प्रपात (झरना) अफ्रीका में स्थित है।

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प्रमुख झील: चाड, मई-न्दोमे, तुर्काना, मलावी, अल्बर्ट, तन्गंयिक, नगमी, म्वेरू, एडवर्ड, बंग्वयूलू, विक्टोरिया, अबाया, किवू, ताना और नैवाशा।

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विक्टोरिया अफ्रीका में सबसे बड़ी झील है। भूमध्य रेखा इसके माध्यम से गुजरती है।

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मुख खाद्य फसल: चावल, गेहूं, मक्का, ज्वारी, मोती बाजरा और बाजरा।

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प्रमुख नकदी फसल: पाम, मूंगफली, कोको, कॉफी, कपास और सिसाल।

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प्रमुख जलसंधि: बाब इस्केंडर, बाब-एल-मंडेब, नहर डी बोलमा, जिब्राल्टर, माफिया चैनल, मोजाम्बिक चैनल, पेम्बा चैनल, सिसिली की जलडमरूमन, तिरान और ज़ांज़ीबार चैनल।