Facts on Rajasthan, राजस्थान पर तथ्य

FACTS ON RAJASTHAN, राजस्थान पर तथ्य


Rajsthan is often known as the colour-coordinated state. The popular cities of Rajasthan are devoted to a separate colour; Jaipur is Pink, Jodhpur is Blue, Udaipur is White and Jhalawar is Purple.


An unknown fact about Rajasthan is that it is the home to the oldest mountain range in India- Aravalli Range.


Rajasthan has only one hill station, Mount Abu.


After Kutch and Leh, Jaisalmer in Rajasthan is the largest district with 39,313 sq km of area.


Every truck in Rajasthan includes some amazing art; it could be either a funny one-liner or a Shayari or graphic art.


India’s only saline river, Luni, flows through the Thar Desert in Rajasthan and concludes in the Rann of Kutch, Gujarat.


The signature Palace on Wheels train operating in Rajasthan, is one of the world’s most luxurious trains.


The state of Rajasthan also has numerous haunted places. However, of all those, Bandhavgarh Fort tops the list. It is also one of the most haunted places in India.


Talking about the largest fort of Rajasthan, Chittor Fort, also known as Chittorgarh, is on the top.


As per the ancient scriptures, Pushkar is also home to the only Lord Brahma temple in the world.


Rajasthan is the largest state of India by area with the total area of 34,239 sq km.


It was formed in the year 1949 by merging 22 royal kingdoms and principalities.


The capital city of Rajasthan, Jaipur, was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the year 1727. However, before Jaipur, Amber was the capital of the state under the reign of Maharaja Jai Singh II.


The state shares its boundary with five states – Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.


The state also has a unique topology which includes infertile land in the west (mainly deserts) and the fertile land in the east.


Despite being a desert land, Rajasthan is not all about sand. There are also lush green pastures.


The literal meaning of the term ‘Rajasthan’ means The Land of Kings where ‘Raj’ refers to Kings and ‘Sthan’ stands for the place.


Rajasthan is the place where you can get the sights of camels like any other cattle.


Talking about camels, Bikaner hosts the International Camel Fair every year in the month of January.


There are numerous Jain sacred sites in India. Of all those, Dilwara Temple is the most beautiful Jain pilgrimage centre which is located in Mount Abu, Rajasthan.


On the walls of almost every house, there is some kind of art. It could be an ad of cement or cycle or kitchenware.


In the Jaisalmer district, Pokhran is a city where India’s first nuclear test was conducted in the year 1974. The famous Bollywood movie ‘Pokhran’ depicts the true story of the entire operation.


Mandodari, the wife of Ravana from the Hindu epic, Ramayana, was from the ancient town of Mandore, Rajasthan.


Besides being a historical place, Rajasthan is also an ideal hideout for wildlife buffs. In total, the state houses 25 wildlife sanctuaries and 5 national parks.


Umaid Bhawan in Jodhpur is one of the best heritage hotels in the world. The palace is also one of the perfect places in Rajasthan for a big fat royal destination wedding.


Rajasthan is home to numerous heritage hotels that were once the home of Maharajas.


For bird lovers, Keoladeo National Park is a perfect stopover near Bharatpur, Rajasthan. The national park has more than 370 species of birds, and hence, the place is touted as the ‘Paradise of Birds’.


When it comes Indian state with the highest number of forts, Rajasthan stands second on the list after Maharashtra. The state has more than 45 forts.


There are very few people who are aware of the connection between Rajasthan and Taj Mahal. Wondering what? The white marble used in the Taj Mahal was mined from Makarna of Nagaur district, Rajasthan.


Not just this, Rajasthan is also India’s second largest source of Cement.


The state is also home to the largest inland Salt Lake in India, which is the Sambhar Salt Lake in the Thar Desert.


Far away from city life, one of the most interesting things to do in Rajasthan is dune bashing. Yes, you can hope into 4X4 vehicle and relish the off-road experience on the sand dunes of the region.


Rajasthan is also one of the main shopping centres of India, mainly for traditional handicrafts and jewellery.


If you are in Jaipur, an elephant ride up to Amer Fort is a must-have experience that completes a Jaipur tour.


Talking about shopping, the state is one of the main centres to buy miniature paintings in India, also known as Mughal painting.


Not just this, the region is also very much famous for its blue pottery. It is one of the most famous artworks of Rajasthan.


Such is the unique culture of Rajasthan that you will the ghooghat (veil) and men with long moustaches.


A tour to Rajasthan is incomplete without experiencing the rich culture and traditional of Rajasthan. And for that, Chokhi Dhani is the perfect place to be.


People in Rajasthan are very welcoming and fun-loving, and hence, the place seems like a home aeay from home. They not just welcome you with an open heart but also coax you to have a meal with them.


Apart from elephant and camels, the royals of Rajasthan are also very fond of horses. Hence, horse riding is also one of the most important and traditional things to do in Rajasthan.


Rajasthan is often touted as the synonym of 'Puppet'. It's no surprise if you find puppet shows organizing on every other street in any of the city of Rajasthan. That's an important part of their culture.


Talking about moustaches, the man (Ram Singh) with the world's longest moustaches is an Indian who hailed from Jaipur.


Lake Pichola is arguably the most exotic tourist sites in Udaipur which seems to be naturally blessed. However, you would be amazed to know that it is an artificial lake which was built in the year 1362 AD.


As per tourism data of 2015, Rajasthan stands on the 5th place on the top 10 states and union teritories of India in the number of foreign tourist visit in the same year.


In terms of the maximum number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Rajasthan is on the joint second place with Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh with 3 heritage sites. Maharashtra tops the list with 5 heritage sites.


Apart from the soicy and tangy delecacies, the state of Rajasthan is also famous for several sweet delecacies including phini, ghewar, gujia, rasgullas, and jalebis.


Rajasthan has more than 8 types of folk dances, each has a unique style.


For a luxury vacation in Rajasthan, you don't need to have a royal stay in a heritage hotel. The best alternative way for that is to choose a desert camping.


Fateh Sagar Lake and Lake Pichola in Udaipur, Siliserh lake in Alwar, Gadsisar Lake in Jaisalmer and Nakki Lake in Mount Abu are the popular boating sites in Rajasthan.


Apart from lavish resorts and royal heritage, rural tourism is something that also draws a large crowd of tourist to the state.


In Rajasthan, there is a tribe called Kalbeliya which is known for their amazing dance.


There are many ways to explore the Pink City of Jaipur. But above all the ways, Jaipur through a bicycle is the best way to explore the city.


Raj Mandir Cinema is an opulent movie theatre that has changed the concept of movie hall in Jaipur.


The traditional art of Rajasthan also includes block printing. And to relish some great artwork of block printing in Rajasthan, Anokhi Museum of Hand Printing in Jaipur is the best place to be.


Rajasthan is the proud host to one of the largest catle fairs in India- Nagaur Fair.Observed in the month of January-February in the city of Nagaur, the fair is all about beautifully decorated animals, folk dances, music and much more.


The variety of music you will get to savour while traveling in a cab in Rajasthan is totally different from the latest chartbusters. Every cab driver here has its collection of eithe traditional songs or Bollywood classical songs.


National parks in Rajasthan- Sariska, Ranthambore, Keoladeo, Desert and Mukundra Hills, do not have elephants.


राजस्थान की स्थापना 1 नबम्वर 1956 को हुई थी।


राजस्थान का क्षेञफल 342239 किमी है।


राजस्थान में लोकसभा की 25 और राज्यसभा 10 सीटें हैं।


यहॉ की राजकीय भाषा हिंदी और राजस्थानी है।


राजस्थान में जिलों की संख्या 33 है।


यहॉ की राजकीय पशु “चिंकारा” है।


यहॉ की राजकीय पक्षी ‘इंडियन बस्टर्ड’ है।


यहॉ की राजकीय फूल ‘रोहिरा’ है।


यहॉ की राजकीय वृक्ष ‘खेजरी’ है।


यहॉ की प्रमुख गेहूं, बाजरा, जवार, मक्का, जौ, चावल, दालें, सरसाें, मूंगफली, तिल, अलसी, कपास, आदि हैं।


राजस्थान मुख्यत: एक कृषि व पशुपालन प्रधान राज्य है और अनाज व सब्जियों का निर्यात करता है।


इसके पश्चिम और पश्चिमोत्तर सीमा में पाकिस्तान, उत्तर और उत्तर-पूर्व में पंजाब, हरियाणा और उत्तर प्रदेश, पूर्व और दक्षिण-पूर्व में उत्तर प्रदेश, मध्य प्रदेश और दक्षिण-पश्चिम में गुजरात राज्य है।


पश्चिम राजस्थान अपेक्षाकृत सूखा और बंजर है, इसके कुछ हिस्से में थार का रेगिस्तान भी आता है जिसे ग्रेट इंडियन डेज़र्ट भी कहा जाता है।


पुरातात्विक और ऐतिहासिक प्रमाणों के आधार पर पता चलता है कि यहां लगातार मानव बस्ती होने का इतिहास 1,00,000 साल तक पुराना है।


16वीं सदी की शुरुआत में राजपूत शक्ति ने अपने चरम को छुआ। अकबर, कुछ राजपूत राज्यों को मुगल शासन के अधीन लेकर आया।


19वीं सदी की शुरुआत में वे मराठों से संबंद्ध हो गए। मुगलों के पतन के साथ राजपूतों ने धीरे धीरे और कई शानदार जीतों की एक श्रृंखला के साथ आजादी वापस हासिल की।


राजपूत यूं तो राजस्थान की आबादी का एक छोटा सा हिस्सा हैं लेकिन इस राज्य का एक बहुत महत्वपूर्ण भाग हैं। उन्हें उनकी लड़ाका प्रतिष्ठा और पूर्वजों पर बहुत गर्व रहता है।


ब्राम्हण वर्ग कई गोत्रों में बंटा है, जबकि व्यापारी वर्ग महाजन कई समूहों में है। इनमें से कुछ वर्ग जैन और दूसरे सभी हिंदू हैं। उत्तर और पश्चिम में जाट और गुर्जर सबसे बड़े कृषि समुदायों में से हैं।


राजस्थान के सबसे खास त्यौहारों में मार्च के अंत या अप्रैल की शुरुआत में आने वाला वसंत का त्यौहार गणगौर और अगस्त में आने वाला तीज का त्यौहार है।


प्राकृतिक सौंदर्य से भरपूर राजस्थान में भारत भर से हजारों सैलानी आते हैं। पर्यटन राज्य के घरेलू उत्पाद का आठ प्रतिशत से ज्यादा बनता है।


राजस्थान अपने किलों, मंदिरों और सजी हुई हवेलियों के लिए मशहूर है। कई पुराने और उपेक्षित किले तथा महलों को हैरिटेज होटल में तब्दील किया गया है।